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Each year, I cringingly celebrate Equal Pay Day. I always say I’m going to take the day off, but I never do. What I usually do instead is dedicate some time to reflect on exactly what it is that we are recognizing with Equal Pay Day.
Equal Pay Day was originated by the National Committee on Pay Equity (NCPE) in 1996 as a public awareness event to illustrate the gap between men's and women's wages. This date symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men earned in the previous year.
In 2009, I really started paying attention to the statistics behind this day and a few years later began to deliver sessions at some national level conferences talking about Lean In, The Confidence Code, and Feminist Fight Club. As I talked with more people about what it meant to me to be a feminist, I expressed my feelings in the form of a spreadsheet (and a chart). The data from this chart comes from a much larger publication from the U.S. Census Bureau, and you can get your very own data here.
If you follow through the trend, at the current rate, it will take until 2060 for women to achieve equal pay. I’ll be 90. This means that equal pay will likely never be reached in my lifetime.
This data was what got me really fired up. The idea that, from 2007 to 2012, we actually began to lose ground on equal pay made me very determined to make a bigger difference.
I learned a lot over the years about what was behind the calculation of Equal Pay Day and what the stats were behind the number of women in the workforce and trends over time. Here are a few for you to reflect on today.
Fifty years ago, 58 percent of U.S. college students were men. Today, 56 percent are women, Education Department estimates show. This year, for the first time, the share of college-educated women in the U.S. workforce passed the share of college-educated men, according to the Pew Research Center.
…between 1966 and 2013, women's participation rates in the workforce increased from 31.5 percent to 48.7 percent (2013 EEO-1 Indicators report). In 2013, the United States' 161 million women made up roughly 51 percent of the population.
… although women make up almost half of the entry-level workforce, they hold only about a third of manager-level roles and less than a quarter of C-suite positions.
The Covid-19 crisis has disrupted corporate America in ways we’ve never seen before. No one is experiencing business as usual, but women—especially mothers, senior-level women and Black women—are facing distinct challenges.
One in four women are considering downshifting their careers or leaving the workforce due to Covid-19. Without bold steps, companies could lose millions of women and erase all the progress we’ve made toward gender diversity in the six years of this study.
So, what is there to celebrate here? This is what I’m excited about:
2021 March 24
2020 March 31
2019 April 2
2018 April 10
2017 April 4
2016 April 12
2015 April 14
2014 April 8
2013 April 9
2012 April 17
I missed this realization last year, but as I was putting together my list of things to do in April, I couldn’t find Equal Pay Day! Which of course led to the realization that we are celebrating at the earliest date ever. This, along with a re-examination of the Census Bureau data, where I noted that we’ve consistently made progress on the earnings ratio since 2012, have given me a reason to celebrate in this year especially.
Before we all get too carried away, I want to point out that today’s celebration is considered All Women’s Equal Pay Day, which is a calculation of pay for women of all races and abilities. We still have a long way to go to ensure Black, Native American, and Latina women make progress and that Mothers are also supported by these efforts. There are significant differences in when these other groups get to take a breath and reflect on progress made.
Asian American and Pacific Islander Women’s Equal Pay Day is March 9. Asian American and Pacific Islander women are paid 85 cents for every dollar paid to white men.
All Women’s Equal Pay Day is March 24. Women working full time and year round are paid 82 cents for every dollar paid to a man who works full time and year round.
Mother’s Equal Pay Day is June 4. Mothers are paid 70 cents for every dollar paid to fathers.
Black Women’s Equal Pay Day is August 3. Black women are paid 63 cents for every dollar paid to white men.
Native American Women’s Equal Pay Day is September 8. Native women are paid 60 cents for every dollar paid to white men.
Latina’s Equal Pay Day is October 21. Latinas are paid 55 cents for every dollar paid to white men.
I had someone ask me once when I felt the work of feminism was done. The Cambridge dictionary defines feminism as “the belief that women should be allowed the same rights, power, and opportunities as men and be treated in the same way”. I’m a big believer in measurable results, and my commitment to feminism is this: The work doesn’t stop until equal pay is reached.
In the words of a personal hero: